Watch Dr Sebastian Engelstaedter provide an overview of the Climate Systems and Policy research cluster at the SEED 2015 event.
The Climate Systems and Policy research cluster aims to build on research excellence in three areas - physical climate and biogeochemical processes, impacts and adaptation to climate change, and mitigation policy and science.
|Physical climate and biogeochemical processes||Research focuses improving our understanding of fundamental processes in key Earth-system tipping elements and climate change hotspots, including mineral aerosols in the land-surface-atmosphere system, biogeochemical cycling and ecosystem dynamics in tropical forest systems, processes of variability and change in African climate, changes in global and regional hydrological cycles, and climate processes in the Himalaya and Andes.|
|Impacts and adaptation to climate change||Research aims to improve the scientific basis for impacts/adaptation assessment and decision making. This includes evaluation of fitness for purpose of climate model data, climate downscaling, development of novel methods for assessment of impacts of climate change, especially biodiversity and water resources, and adaptation, with a focus on robust decision making and challenges posed by large climate changes.|
|Mitigation policy and science||Attention is on more radical carbon reductions and shorter time scales, with major implications for both energy systems and management of carbon sinks, and on establishing stronger socio-political theoretical understanding of mitigation and governance at a range of scales from Earth-system to local community.|
Key research initiatives closely associated with the cluster include several national and international programmes including the UK Energy Research Centre (UKERC), Adaptation and Resilience in a Changing Climate (ARCC), Climate Change, Agriculture, and Food Security (CCAFS), UK Infrastructure Transitions Research Consortium, the Oxford node of the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, climateprediction.net, climateeducation.net, and components of major research programmes focused on Africa (e.g. CLIVAR VACS African Climate Atlas) and the Amazon (Pan-Amazonia). Until recently the School hosted the international project office of the Global Environmental Change and Food Security Programme (GECAFS) which closed in 2011.
News and Research Highlights
- Devisscher, T., Malhi, Y., Landivar, V.D.R. and Oliveras, I. (2016) Understanding ecological transitions under recurrent wildfire: A case study in the seasonally dry tropical forests of the Chiquitania, Bolivia. Forest Ecology and Management, 360: 273-286.
- Doughty, C.E., Roman, J., Faurby, S., Wolf, A., Haque, A., Bakker, E.S., Malhi, Y., Dunning, J.B. and Svenning, J.C. (2015) Global nutrient transport in a world of giants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America.
- Marthews, T., Otto, F.E.L., Mitchell, D., Dadson, S.J. and Jones, G. (2015) The 2014 drought in the Horn of Africa: Attribution of meteorological drivers. In, Explaining Extreme Events of 2014: From a Climate Perspective. Special Supplement to the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society Vol 96, No 12, December 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. pp. 83-88.
- Bergaoui, K., Mitchell, D., Zaaboul, R., McDonnell, R., Otto, F.E.L. and Allen, M. (2015) The Contribution of human-induced climate change to the drought of 2014 in the southern Levant region. Explaining Extreme Events of 2014: From a Climate Perspective. Special Supplement to the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society Vol 96, No 12, December 2015: 66-70.