Dr Rob Hope is an Associate Professor at the School of Geography and the Environment and Director of the Water Programme at the Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment. He is a development economist with expertise in water economics and development policy. His work applies economic theory and techniques in the measurement, design and evaluation of policies and interventions which promote improved environmental and social outcomes. This includes theoretical advances in behavioural economics and social choice theory, methodological progress in interdisciplinary water research, and leadership in establishing Oxford's cross-department research group working on 'Smart Water Systems'.
He has won competitive research grants from UK research councils (ESRC, NERC), DFID, UNICEF, John Fell Fund and the Skoll Centre for Social Entrepreneurship. The research has featured in international media including BBC television, radio and online. He is Director of the REACH - Improving Water Security for the Poor programme (DFID, 2015-2022) and the Groundwater Risk Management for Growth and Development project (NERC/ESRC/DFID, 2015-19). He also leads ESRC/DFID and UNICEF grants.
His earlier work has been funded by World Bank, OECD and Gates Foundation for projects in Colombia, Costa Rica, India, Kenya, Mozambique, Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. He previously directed Oxford's MSc in Water Science, Policy and Management (2006-13) and continues to teach water economics, development policy and research design.
Rob's research examines the relationship between water access and human development. He has worked on several, large interdisciplinary teams (hydrology, engineering, economics, political science, anthropology) on catchment/basin management and sustainable water supply services in India and sub-Saharan Africa. The analytical approaches that shape this work relate to how social choices influence human behaviour, project performance and developmental impacts both at the local level and in terms of shaping public policy to promote more sustainable and evidence-based interventions at scale.
Water Security, Growth and Development
Improved understanding of water risks and institutional responses against competing growth and development goals is central to promoting growth with socially and environmentally-responsible outcomes. Growth often aligns where risks are high in emerging economies with nascent institutions, rapid population growth, unpredictable climates, chronic poverty and an infrastructural deficit. This thematic area develops and tests interdisciplinary tools and new frameworks that explicitly recognise the role enterprise can make in promoting responsible and socially-acceptable environmental and development change. Signature projects include REACH (2015-22) and GRo for GooD (2015-19).
Smart Water Systems
The convergence of mobile network coverage, mobile handset ownership, mobile money platforms and smart meters has advanced new approaches to promote water security for the poor. Established in 2009, Dr Hope leads a cross-departmental group of a dozen researchers with Engineering Science working with the mobile industry, mining, agriculture, UNICEF and governments in Africa and Asia. The work has includes Smart Handpumps which have dramatically improved the policy and practice of rural water sustainability. New work uses new methodologies to improve groundwater monitoring. Related work on water payment behaviours is promoting novel financial models in urban and rural contexts. Signature projects include ESRC/DFID (2012-17) and UNICEF (2014-16).
Selected Research Projects
Postgraduate teaching for MSc and DPhil students:
- Water and Development
- Socio-political Nature of Water
- Water Economics
- Research Methods
Current Graduate Research Students
Financial analysis of rural water sustainability in Africa
Geospatially distributed impacts of mining and irrigation on water growth and development in Kwale, Kenya
Democracy, decentralisation and development in Kenya: an assessment of structural change in the water sector
Recent Graduate Research Students (since 2006)
Completed in 2014
Women and work in irrigated landscapes in rural India
Completed in 2014
Mobile-enabled payments methods and public service delivery in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania
Completed in 2014
Corporate water risk and return
Completed in 2013
Burning water - the state, irrigation technology and the production of scarcity in Spain
Completed in 2012
Living with environmental change in the endorheic oasis systems of the northern Sahara
Publications are those that were listed on the old website. Publications database integration forthcoming.
- Koehler, J., Thomson, P. and Hope, R. (2015) Pump-priming payments for sustainable water services in rural Africa. World Development, 74: 397-411.
- Hope, R. (2014) Is community water management the community's choice? Implications for water and development policy in Africa. Water Policy.
- Garrick, D. and Hope, R.A. (2013) Water security risk and response: the logic and limits of economic instruments. In, Lankford, B., Bakker, K., Zeitoun, M. and Conway, D. (eds.) Water Security - Principles, Perspectives and Practices. Routledge, London. 376 pp. ISBN: 978-0-415-53471-0.
- Hall, J., Grey, D., Garrick, D., Dadson, S. and Hope, R. (2013) Preface. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, 371(2002): 1-2.
- Hope, R. and Rouse, M. (2013) Risks and responses to universal drinking water security. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, 371(2002): 1-23.
- Foster, T., Hope, R., Thomas, M., Cohen, I., Krolikowski, A. and Nyaga, C. (2012) Impacts and implications of mobile water payments in East Africa. Water International, 37(7): 788-804.
- Hope, R.A., Thomson, P. and Foster, T. (2012) Reducing risks to rural water security in Africa. Ambio, 41(7): 773-776.
- Hope, R.A., Foster, T., Money, A. and Rouse, M. (2012) Harnessing mobile communications innovations for water security. Global Policy, 3(4): 433-442.
- Hope, R.A. (2012) Mobile Water for Development and Growth. Global Policy, Comment and Opinion Blog, Wiley-Blackwell.
- Thomson, P., Hope, R. and Foster, T. (2012) GSM-enabled remote monitoring of rural handpumps: a proof-of-concept study. Journal of Hydroinformatics, 14(4): 829-839.
- Thomson, P., Hope, R. and Foster, T. (2012) Is silence golden? Of mobiles, monitoring and rural water supplies. Waterlines, 31(4): 280-292.
- Vira, B., Adams, W., Agarwal, C., Badiger, S., Hope, R.A., Krishnaswamy, J. and Kumar, C. (2012) Negotiating trade-offs: making informed choices for ecosystem services. Economic and Political Weekly, XLVII(9): 67-75.
- Hope, R.A., Foster, T., Krowlikowski, A. and Cohen, I. (2011) Mobile Water Payment Innovations in Urban Africa. Skoll Foundation for Social Entrepreneurship, Oxford University.
- Edmunds, W.M. and Hope, R.A. (2010) Water sustainability and security in Africa. Chapter 7, in Agyeman-Duah, I. (ed.) (2010) Pilgrims of the Night: Development challenges and opportunities in Africa. Ayebia Clarke Publishing Limited. ISBN: 9780956240156.
- Mayers, J., Hope, R.A., et al. (2009) Water ecosystem services and poverty under climate change: key issues and research priorities. Natural Resource Issues, 17. International Institute for Environment and Development, London, UK.
- Hope, R.A., Frost, P.G.H., Gardiner, A. and Ghazoul, J. (2009) Experimental analysis of adoption of domestic mopane worm farming technology in Zimbabwe. Development Southern Africa, 26(1): 29-46.
- Hope, R.A., Borgoyary, M. and Agarwal, C. (2009) Incentives that work for farmers and wetlands. In, Kumar, P. and Muradian, R. (eds.) Payment for Ecosystem Services. Oxford University Press, Delhi.
- Hope, R.A., Borgoyary, M. and Agarwal, C. (2008) Small-holder farmer preferences for agri-environmental change at the Bhoj wetland, India. Development Policy Review, 26(5): 585-602.
- Hope, R.A., Jewitt, G.P.W. and Gowing, J.W. (2008) The contested future of irrigation in African rural livelihoods - analysis from a water scarce catchment in South Africa. Water Policy, 10(2): 173-192.
- Hope, R.A. (2007) Evaluating Social Impacts of Watershed Development in India. World Development, 35(8): 1436-1449.
- Hope, R.A., Porras, I., Borgoyary, M., Miranda, M., Agarwal, C., Tiwari, S., and J.M. Amezaga (2007) Negotiating Watershed Services. Markets for Environmental Services series, No. 11. London: IIED.
- Hope, R.A. (2006) Evaluating water policy scenarios against the priorities of the rural poor. World Development, 34(1): 167-179.
- Hope, R.A. (2006) Water, workfare and poverty: the impact of the Working for Water Programme on rural poverty reduction. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 8: 139-156.
- Hope, R.A., Porras, I.T., Bergkamp, G. and Smith, M. (2006) Learning from Partners and Experience. In, IUCN (eds.) PAY - A practitioners' guide for financing ecosystem services for water. World Conservation Union, Gland.
- Greiber, T., Hope, R.A. and Iza, A. (2006) Rules at Work. In, IUCN (eds.) PAY - A practitioners' guide for financing ecosystem services for water. World Conservation Union, Gland.
- Porras, I.T. and Hope, R.A. (2006) Roadmap to Agreement. In, IUCN (eds.) PAY - A practitioners' guide for financing ecosystem services for water. World Conservation Union, Gland.
- Hope, R.A., Porras, I.T., Miranda, M., Agarwal, C. and Amezaga, J. (2005) Are the poor benefiting from environmental service reward schemes? European Tropical Forestry Research Network, 45-46: 36-39.
- Hope, R.A., Jewitt, G.P.W. and Gowing, J.W. (2004) Linking the hydrological cycle and rural livelihoods: A case study in the Luvuvhu catchment, South Africa. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 29: 1209-1217.
- Hope, R.A. and Garrod, G.D. (2004) Household preferences to water policy interventions in rural South Africa. Water Policy, 6: 487-499.
- Hope, R.A. (2002) Wildlife harvesting, conservation and poverty: the economics of olive ridley egg exploitation. Environmental Conservation, 29(3): 375-384.