Fiona McConnell is an Associate Professor in Human Geography and Tutorial Fellow at St Catherine's College. She joined the School of Geography and the Environment in December 2013. Prior to this she was a lecturer in human geography at Newcastle University and has also held a Junior Research fellowship at Trinity College, Cambridge (2011-2013) and an ESRC postdoctoral fellowship at Newcastle University (2010-2011). Fiona has a BA in Geography from the University of Cambridge (Fitzwilliam College) and completed her ESRC-funded PhD at Queen Mary, University of London in 2010.
As a political geographer Fiona's research aims to develop new areas of thinking regarding governance beyond the state and different modes of political legitimacy. In particular, she is interested in how communities officially excluded from formal state politics are nevertheless engaging with aspects of statecraft, and in using such seemingly anomalous cases as a lens to critically examine the 'norms' of governance. At the core of her approach to research is asking important geopolitical questions through a commitment to ethnographic methodologies, and her work intersects with scholarship in political geography, critical international relations and political anthropology. A significant part of her research to date has focused on the political structures and practices of the Tibetan Government-in-Exile based in India. She has ongoing research projects on: cultures of diplomacy and the diplomatic practices of unrecognised polities; geographies of work and social mobility in India's post-liberal economy; geographies of peace; and constructions and contestations of political legitimacy.
Fiona was awarded the Stanley D. Brunn Young Scholar Award by the Political Geography Specialty Group of the AAG in 2013. She is an Associate Editor at Political Geography and, until 2015, was the editor of the Political Geography Section of Geography Compass. She sits on the editorial boards of European Bulletin of Himalayan Research and Geopolitics and is a 'young member' of the International Geographical Union, Commission on Political Geography. Fiona also sits on the Board of Directors of the Tibet Justice Center, an independent volunteer committee of lawyers and scholars which advocates for human rights and self-determination for Tibetans.
Fiona's research interests lie in the everyday construction of statehood and sovereignty in cases of tenuous territoriality. Her doctoral and post-doctoral research focused on the political institutions and practices of the exile Tibetan government based in India, an institution which engages in state-like functions despite being legally unrecognised and lacking jurisdiction over territory. This research contributes to four broad areas of academic debate:
- theories of sovereignty, and the relationship between territory and authority;
- theories of the state and the use of ethnographic methods to uncover everyday state practices;
- political and legal identities, including refugeehood, citizenship and diaspora;
- transnational governance, governmentality and democracy.
Fiona's forthcoming monograph Rehearsing the state: the political practices of the Tibetan Government-in-Exile (Wiley) draws on this research on exile Tibetan politics to consider the rehearsal of statecraft.
In developing her interest in the construction of political legitimacy and issues of marginality Fiona's current research is focused on the following four strands:
i. Practices and pedagogy of diplomacy in the margins
Fiona is interested in changing geographies and practices of diplomacy, with a particular focus on the diplomatic role of non-state actors. She was Co-Investigator with Jason Dittmer (UCL) on an AHRC funded research network on 'translating diplomatic cultures' which consisted of three interactive workshops bringing together interdisciplinary scholars and diplomacy stakeholders. An edited volume from this network was published in 2016.
Alongside this Fiona has undertaken research on the diplomatic practices of the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO), a membership organisation of political communities not adequately represented at major international fora. This research has been funded by an RGS-IBG Small Research Grant and a John Fell Fund small award.
Beginning in July 2015 Fiona has been coordinating a programme of knowledge exchange activities titled 'Training of diplomats from unrepresented nations: capacity building for effective UN lobbying'. This programme is run in conjunction with the UNPO and the Tibet Justice Center and is funded by the University of Oxford's ESRC Impact Acceleration Account.
ii. Geographies of Peace
Based on a co-authored intervention in Antipode and a co-edited book, Fiona is working with Nick Megoran and Philippa Williams on developing a research agenda around geographies of peace. Their focus is on contextualised and contingent practices of peace, and their work seeks to critically unpack the nature of everyday peaceful existence and ask who peace is for.
iii. Geographies of marginality in India
This research strand focuses on the spaces and practices through which minority groups negotiate their relationship with the state, experience incomplete citizenship and youth transitions, and the ways in which marginality might be conceived as a site of political mobilisation. Against a background of jobless growth in India Fiona is undertaking collaborative research with Al James (QMUL), Bhaskar Vira (Cambridge) and Philippa Williams (QMUL) which examines the extent to which India's new service economy is 'socially inclusive' for graduates from marginalised communities.
iv. Constructing legitimacy
Cross-cutting the above research themes Fiona has an interest in how political legitimacy is claimed, constructed and contested, particularly in the so-called margins of geopolitics. Having organised an interdisciplinary conference on 'Producing legitimacy: governance against the odds' at the University of Cambridge in 2013 she co-edited a special issue on this theme in Geoforum with Alice Wilson and Alex Jeffrey, and is interested in examining intersections between political geography and questions of legitimacy more generally.
Fiona runs a Final Honour School option course 'Geopolitics in the Margins' and convenes and teaches on the FHS course 'Space, Place and Society'. She also lectures on the MSc in Nature, Society and Environmental Governance course.
At St Catherine's College, Fiona and her colleagues are responsible for teaching students across the entire breadth of geographical topics for the Preliminary Examination and Final Honour School of Geography.
Fiona welcomes enquiries from individuals wishing to undertake doctoral or post-doctoral research in the following broadly defined areas: contested sovereignties; practices and pedagogies of diplomacy; peace and non-violence; the Tibetan diaspora; politics of identity in the Himalayas; marginality and liminality.
Current Graduate Research Students
Peacebuilding through natural resources - the case of Cyprus
Food Environments in Islamabad, Pakistan
|Tarek Kheir Eddine|
The impact of confessional politics and socio-economic stratification on the use and development of public spaces in Lebanon
Towards understanding life course geographies of young Afghans in India
Youth strategies and generational change in rural Gujarat, India
- Dittmer, J. and McConnell, F. (2016) Diplomatic Cultures and International Politics: Translations, Spaces and Alternatives. Routledge, Abingdon. pp. 202. ISBN: 9781138845695.
- McConnell, F. (2016) Rehearsing the State: The Political Practices of the Tibetan Government-in-Exile. Wiley. pp. 240. ISBN: 978-1-118-66128-4.
- McConnell, F., Megoran, N. and Williams, P. (eds.) (2014) The Geographies of Peace. I.B. Tauris, London. pp. 288. ISBN: 9781780761435.
- Powell, R.C., Klinke, I., Jazeel, T., Daley, P., Kamata, N., Heffernan, M., Swain, A., McConnell, F., Barry. A. and Phillips, R. (2016) Interventions in the political geographies of ‘area’. Political Geography.
- Jeffrey, A., McConnell, F. and Wilson, A. (2015) Understanding legitimacy: Perspectives from anomalous geopolitical spaces. Geoforum, 66: 177-183.
- Wilson, A. and McConnell, F. (2015) Constructing legitimacy without legality in long term exile: Comparing Western Sahara and Tibet. Geoforum, 66: 203-214.
- McConnell, F. (2013) Citizens and refugees: constructing and negotiating Tibetan political and legal identities in exile. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 103(4): 967-983.
- McConnell, F. (2013) The geopolitics of Buddhist reincarnation: contested futures of Tibetan leadership. Area, 45(2): 162-169.
- Williams, A., Jeffrey, A., Megoran, N., McConnell, F., Askins, K., Gill, N., Nash, C., Pande, R. and Townsend, J. (2013) Interventions in teaching political geography in the UK: practical and political considerations. Political Geography, 34: 24-34.
- McConnell, F. (2012) Governmentality to practice the state? constructing a Tibetan population in exile. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 30(1): 78-79.
- McConnell, F., Moreau, T. and Dittmer, J. (2012) Mimicking state diplomacy: the legitimizing strategies of unofficial diplomacies. Geoforum, 43(4): 804-814.
- Springer, S., Chi, H., Crampton, J., McConnell, F., Cupples, J., Warf, B. and Attewell, W. (2012) Interventions on the ruptures and transgressions of WikiLeaks. Geopolitics, 17(3): 681-711.
- McConnell, F. (2011) A State within a State? Legal and Welfare Relations between India and the Tibetan Community and Government-in-Exile. Contemporary South Asia, 19(3): 297-313.
- Williams, P. and McConnell, F. (2011) Critical Geographies of Peace. Antipode, 43(4): 927-931.
- McConnell, F. (2010) The fallacy and the promise of the territorial trap: sovereign articulations of geopolitical anomalies. Geopolitics, 15(4): 762-768.
- McConnell, F. (2009) De facto, displaced, tacit: the sovereign articulations of the Tibetan government-in-exile. Political Geography, 28(6): 343-352.
- McConnell, F. (2009) Democracy-in-exile: the 'uniqueness' and limitations of exile Tibetan democracy. Sociological Bulletin, 58(1): 115-144.
- McConnell, F. (2009) Governments-in-exile: statehood, statelessness and the reconfiguration of territory and sovereignty. Geography Compass, 3(5): 1902-1919.
- McConnell, F. (2015) Reconfiguring diaspora identities and homeland connections: The Tibetan 'Lhakar' Movement. In, Mavroudi, L. and Christou, A. (eds.) Dismantling diasporas: rethinking the geographies of diasporic identity, connection and development. Ashgate. pp. 99-111. ISBN: 978-1-4724-3034-2.
- McConnell, F. (2014) Contextualising and contesting peace: geographies of Tibetan satyagraha. In, McConnell, F., Megoran, N. and Williams, P. (eds.) The Geographies of Peace. I.B. Tauris, London. pp. 131-150. ISBN: 9781780761435.
- McConnell, F. (2014) Negotiating activist/ academic roles in researching exile politics. In, Hammett, D., Twyman, C. and Graham, M. (eds.) Research and Fieldwork in Development. Routledge, London. pp. 24-25. ISBN: 9780415829571.
- Megoran, N., Williams, P. and McConnell, F. (2014) Geographies of peace, geographies for peace. Chap. 13 in, McConnell, F., Megoran, N. and Williams, P. (eds.) The Geographies of Peace. I.B. Tauris, London. pp. 250-260. ISBN: 9781780761435.
- Williams, P., Megoran, N. and McConnell, F. (2014) Introduction: geographical approaches to peace. 1. in, Williams, P., Megoran, N. and McConnell, F. (eds.) Geographies of Peace. I.B. Taurus. pp. 1-27. ISBN: 9781780761435.
- McConnell, F. (2013) Democracy-in-exile: the 'uniqueness' and limitations of democratic procedures in a territory-less polity. In, Arora, V. and Jayaram, N. (eds.) Roots and Routes of Democracy in the Himalayas. Routledge, New Delhi.
- McConnell, F. (2013) Exilic and diasporic nationalism: the Tibetan Government-in-Exile in India. In, Chatterji, J. and Washbrook, D. (eds.) . Routledge, London. ISBN: 978-0-415-48010-9.
- McConnell, F. (2013) Nationalising a diaspora: The Tibetan government-in-exile in India. Chapter 17 in, Chatterji, J. and Washbrook, D. (eds.) Handbook of the South Asian Diaspora. London: Routledge. ISBN: 978-0-415-48010-9..
- McConnell, F. (2013) Sovereignty. In, Dodds, K., Kuus, M. and Sharp, J. (eds.) The Ashgate Research Companion to Critical Geopolitics. Ashgate, London.
Other Academic Publications
- Dittmer, J., McConnell, F. and Moreau, T. (2015) ‘Counterfeit Diplomacies’. The New Inquiry.
- McConnell, F. (2015) Book review: The Persistence of Nationalism: From Imagined Communities to Urban Encounters. Angharad Closs Stephens 2013 Routledge. Cultural Geographies, 22(3): 550-551.
- McConnell, F., Dittmer, J. and Moreau, T. (2015) 'Mimicking States: what non-state diplomats can tell us about the status quo’. Diplomat Magazine, 1(8): 10-12.
- McConnell, F. (2014) Review of 'Arrested Histories: Tibet, the CIA and Memories of a Forgotten War' Carole McGranhan 2010 Duke University Press. American Ethnologist,, 41(4): 207-209.
- McConnell, F. (2011) Borders and Borderlands: Windows on Statecraft. Political Geography, 30(2): 111-114.
- McConnell, F. (2011) Review of Higate, P. and Henry, M. 2009: Insecure Spaces: Peacekeeping, Power and Performance in Haiti, Kosovo and Liberia. London: Zed Books. Progress in Development Studies, 11: 170-172.