Professor Anna Lora-Wainwright

Professor of the Human Geography of China

Fellow of St Cross College, Oxford

Pronouns: she/her

Academic Profile

Anna joined the School of Geography and the Environment in September 2009, jointly appointed by the School of Global and Area Studies (OSGA). She was promoted to Professor in 2018. She has a PhD in Social and Cultural Anthropology from Oxford University; an MA in Chinese Studies and a BA in Anthropology, both from the School of Oriental and African Studies, London. Before taking up her post in Oxford, Anna worked as a lecturer and research fellow in Contemporary Chinese Studies at the University of Manchester. She also previously held a Departmental Lecturership in the Modern Politics and Society of China at the Institute of Chinese Studies, University of Oxford.

Anna's research embodies a particular synergy between human geography, anthropology and the study of China and has focused on experiences of health, illness, environmental pollution, development and activism in the Chinese countryside. She is a keen supporter of long-term ethnographic field research and since 2004 she has carried out long periods of fieldwork in rural China. Anna has a long-standing interest in the various manifestations and implications of social reproduction and injustice, particularly as they relate to illness, pollution and other forms of discrimination. She is especially motivated to understand how injustices may become normalised and, conversely, the subtle ways in which individuals and communities may engage in various forms of activism to counter injustice.

Within this broad theoretical agenda, Anna's research has covered a diverse range of topics, including: attitudes to health and pollution in the Chinese countryside; lay cancer aetiologies; home care for illness and attitudes to formal healthcare provision; how coexisting moral economies of subsistence and the market are articulated in everyday life; experiences of urbanisation and land loss; international flows of e-waste; resistance to waste incineration; the rise of citizen science in rural China; the production and contestation of knowledge around pollution; environmental health activism and the formation of 'environmental health subjects'.

Anna's current and future research continues to concern China but also expands to Chinese communities overseas, particularly in the UK and Europe and to the various lines of divergence and solidarity among them. Her current research interests include: a comparative study of environmental injustice and citizen science initiatives; the rise of veganism and vegetarianism in China; culturally, socially and politically embedded understandings of well-being and healing in China and among Chinese overseas communities; evolving communities of care and identification among overseas Chinese and the relative role of the arts, digital media and various forms of entrepreneurship as sources of creativity and empowerment in the aftermath of the COVID pandemic. Anna also expanded her interest in environmental justice beyond China, and in 2021 began undertaking collaborative work on toxicity and activism in Italy.

Anna is strongly committed to creating an inclusive and diverse workplace, supporting early career scholars and engaging with non-academic audiences and stakeholders. She is closely involved in initiatives to tackle bullying and harassment and to promote welfare and wellbeing at work, and continues to serve as a mentor to several staff and students. In Autumn 2021, she became chair of the Equality, Diversity and Inclusion Committee in SoGE. Anna is proud to be an LGBTQIA+ ally and a member of the anti-racism ally network. She has personal experience with depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder and obsessive compulsive disorders. She is committed to supporting colleagues and students living with mental health conditions and to creating a university where everyone can thrive. Having grown up in the Dolomites, she is an enthusiastic forager of everything from mushrooms to nettles. She enjoys growing vegetables, baking sourdough and she is a keen anti-waste advocate (and supporter of Oxunboxed). She lives in Oxford with her partner and two young children.

Past and Current Research

Anna's first monograph Fighting for Breath: Living Morally and Dying of Cancer in a Chinese Village is based on a total of 18 months of fieldwork in rural north-east Sichuan province starting in 2004. It is the first book-length ethnography to offer a bottom-up account of how families strive to make sense of cancer and care for sufferers in contemporary rural China. It explores lay perceptions of illness causality and everyday practices of care as prisms to understand how relationships with family members, locality and the state are reproduced or contested since the socio-economic reforms. Her second monograph, Resigned Activism: Living with Pollution in Rural China (2017, MIT Press) draws on fieldwork in three sites undertaken in collaboration with colleagues and on a close analysis of Ajiang Chen's work on 'cancer villages' to examine the complex spectrum of local responses to pollution. Anna also edited a special collection for The China Quarterly on 'Dying for Development: Pollution, Illness and the Limits of Citizens' Agency in China' (2013) and co-edited a special section of the journal AREA on 'Peering Through Loopholes, Tracing Conversions: Remapping the Transborder Trade in Electronic Waste' (2015, with Peter Wynn Kirby). Her research has appeared in Social Anthropology, The China Quarterly, The China Journal, The Journal of Contemporary China, Evidence and Policy, The Pace Environmental Law Review, World Development, Positions, and AREA.

Since 2006, her interests in cancer and in the mutual relationship between health, human activity and environment have led Anna to focus more closely on pollution in rural China, and she has organised and taken part in several interdisciplinary workshops on these topics. In 2012 Anna was awarded a Leverhulme Trust Research Fellowship to fund a year of research and work on her second monograph. In 2014 she spent a month at the Rockefeller Foundation Bellagio Center continuing work on the book. In 2013, Anna was awarded Philip Leverhulme Prize in Geography which has supported her research on pollution, health and activism in rural China and the development of new projects. She was director of a Leverhulme Trust Project on 'Circuits of Waste and Value: Making E-waste Subjects in China and Japan' (£322,557) which built on previous research with Peter Wynn Kirby funded by a John Fell Award Award and in collaboration with Prof Li Liping at Shantou University. She was also co-investigator (with Thomas Johnson and Jixia Lu) on the project 'Coalitions of the "weak": fighting pollution at China's rural-urban interface', funded by Hong Kong Research Grants Council (HK$457,168). Her past research was supported by the Leverhulme Trust, the British Academy, the Arts and Humanities Research Council, the British Inter-University China Centre (phase 1 and 2) and the Social Science Research Council. In Autumn 2022 she is Visiting Professor at Ca' Foscari University's Centre for Environmental Humanities

Selected Research Projects

Selected grants and prizes

  • 2021 - 'Creativity, community and empowerment: Chinese migration in the UK'. Seedcorn Grant, Open University. Co-I with Prof. L. Wainwright
  • 2018 - BBC and British Sociological Association Thinking Allowed Prize for Ethnography awarded to Resigned Activism
  • 2015-2019 - Circuits of Waste and Value: Making E-waste Subjects in China and Japan. Leverhulme Trust Project Grant RPG-2014-224 (£322,557)
  • 2014-2017 - (Co-Investigator with Thomas Johnson and Jixia Lu) Coalitions of the "weak": fighting pollution at China's rural-urban interface. Hong Kong Research Grants Council (HK$457,168)
  • 2014 - Bellagio Center Rockefeller Academic Writing Residency
  • 2013 - Winner of Philip Leverhulme Prize in Geography (£70,000)
  • 2012-2013 - Urban mining, toxic payload: transnational circuits of e-waste between Japan and China. John Fell OUP research fund (Oxford University) (£86,793)
  • 2012-2014 - 'Environmental Cultures' Network, British-Interuniversity China Centre, Network Leader funded by AHRC, ESRC and HEFCE (£10,900)
  • 2012-13 - Living with Pollution in China: and Ethnographic Perspective, Leverhulme Trust Research Fellowship (RF-2012-260) (£43,342)
  • 2010-12 - Making Environmental Health Subjects in Contemporary Rural China: Contested Illnesses, Pollution and the "Good Life", British Academy, SG091048 (£7,480)
  • 2004-05 - Study Abroad Studentship, The Leverhulme Trust, SAS/6/SAS/2004/0055 (£13,500 per annum)
  • 2003-06 - AHRB Postgraduate Award, Doctoral Competition
  • 2002-03 - AHRB Postgraduate Award, Masters Competition

Teaching and Supervision

  • Human Geography Prelims course
  • Undergraduate option 'The Politics, Society and Culture of China'
  • Graduate elective 'The Politics, Society and Culture of China' (for OSGA students)
  • 'Science and Politics', MSc Nature, Society and Environmental Governance,
  • 'The Study of Modern China', MSc Modern Chinese Studies
  • China's Environment and Environmental Movements, MSc elective for SoGE and OSGA students (2009-2021)
  • OSGA and SoGE DPhil Seminars

Current Graduate Research Students

Yi-Ting Chang

From geo- to astropolitics: How Taiwan constructs vertical territory within the global satellite network

Raffaele Ippolito

Global Environmental (in)Activism: An Ethnography of Pollution, Illness and Community Resistance in Italy and Taiwan

Sarah Hui Ann Tan

Hazy memories: Exploring the relationship between 'eco-social histories' and risk perception through the lived experience of haze pollution in Malaysia

Kristy Bryant
(Global and Area Studies, Oxford)
The Chinese Gaze Towards the West: Conceptualising Anti-Western Sentiments Through Netizens' Interactions with 'Baizuo'.
Kevin Wang
(Anthropology, Oxford)
Urban Futures - toward a new model of urbanisation and urban living in China

Recent Graduate Research Students (since 2006)

Shona Loong
Completed DPhil in 2021

At the margins of a "development darling": civil society, territory, and development in Karen State, Myanmar

Guanli Zhang
Completed DPhil in 2019

Digesting industrialisation: social changes in two industrialised villages in east China

Irina Fedorenko
Completed DPhil in 2018

Environmental activism, non-governmental organisations and new generation of civil society in Russia and China

Jonathan Balls
Completed DPhil in 2017

Fluid capitalism at the bottom of the pyramid: a study of the off-grid solar power market in Uttar Pradesh, India

Saher Hasnain
Completed DPhil in 2017

Food environments in Islamabad, Pakistan

Carlo Inverardi Ferri
Completed DPhil in 2016

Invisible spaces: variegated geographies of waste in China

Yuge Ma
Completed DPhil in 2016

The emergence of low carbon development in China and India: energy efficiency as a lens

Charlotte von Mangoldt
Completed DPhil in 2016

Student environmentalism in Beijing, China

Barclay Bram Shoemaker
Completed DPhil in 2021
(Global and Area Studies, Oxford)
We Can Only Fix Ourselves: Psychotherapy and personal development in China.
Loretta Ieng Tak Lou
Completed DPhil in 2016
(Anthropology, Oxford)
Healing Nature: Green living and the politics of hope in Hong Kong.
Sam Geall
(Manchester University)
Pollution and the Press: Investigating eco-governmentality in contemporary China.

Selected Publications

Resigned Activism: Living with Pollution in Rural China
Lora-Wainwright, A. (2017)
The MIT Press
Resigned Activism: Living with Pollution in Rural China

Revised Edition published 2021.

Fighting for Breath: Cancer, healing and social change in a Sichuan village
Lora-Wainwright, A. (2013)
University of Hawaii Press
Fighting for Breath: Cancer, healing and social change in a Sichuan village
Johnson, T., Lora-Wainwright, A. and Lu, J. (2018) Sustainability Science, 13(3), pp. 733–746.
825835 - The quest for environmental justice in China: citi...
LORA-WAINWRIGHT, A. (2017) Resigned Activism. MIT Press.
Yu, H., Edmunds, M., Lora-Wainwright, A. and Thomas, D. (2016) ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & POLICY, 55, pp. 65–74.
581516 - Governance of the irrigation commons under integra...
Lora-Wainwright, A. (2015) The China Quarterly, 221, pp. 250–251.
518880 - Chinese Research Perspectives on the Environment (...
LORA-WAINWRIGHT, A. (2015) in Burke, N., Mathews, H., and Kapriani, E. (eds.) Anthropologies of Cancer in Transnational Worlds. Routledge, pp. 37–52.
Kirby, P. and Lora-Wainwright, A. (2015) AREA, 47(1), pp. 4–6.
510103 - Peering through loopholes, tracing conversions: re...
Kirby, P. and Lora-Wainwright, A. (2014) Area [Preprint].
510104 - Exporting harm, scavenging value: transnational ci...
Lora-Wainwright, A. (2014) positions, 22(3), pp. 661–689.
485225 - Grassroots perspectives on relocation: threats and...
Lu, J. and Lora-Wainwright, A. (2014) World Development, 62, pp. 189–200.
471973 - Historicizing Sustainable Livelihoods: A Pathways ...