Financing Piped Water Services in Rural Africa and Asia
Andrew Armstrong's current research examines the drivers for revenue generation from user payments for rural piped water services. This work has financial and economic policy implications on a multi-country scale and is foundational to developing viable and equitable tariff policies, attracting sustainable finance and safeguarding lasting water services.
Previously, Andrew spent eight years working for an international engineering humanitarian and development NGO, Water Mission, where he led a global advisory team responsible for sustainable service delivery, behaviour change communication, and monitoring, evaluation and learning. He holds a MSc in Environmental Engineering and a graduate certificate in global health from the Water Institute at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, a BSc in Mechanical Engineering from Clemson University, and is a professionally licensed environmental engineer in the United States.
Andrew co-leads the sustainable groundwater development theme for the Rural Water Supply Network, specifically coordinating activities on solar powered water systems. He is also a core collaborator in the Uptime consortium, which aims to establish a performance-based funding mechanism for reliable rural water services.
Solar Powered Water Systems: An Overview of Principles and Practice. UNDP Cap-Net Virtual Campus.
- Armstrong, A.M., Sobsey, M.D. and Casanova, L.M. (2017) Disinfection of bacteriophage MS2 by copper in water. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 101: 6891-6897.
- Armstrong, A.M., Sobsey, M.D. and Casanova, L.M. (2016) Disinfection of Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa by copper in water. Journal of Water and Health, 14(3): 424-432.
- McNicholl, D., Hope, R., Money, A., Lane, A., Armstrong, A., van der Wilk, N., Dupuis, M., Harvey, A., Nyaga, C., Womble, S., Favre, D., Allen, J., Katuva, J., Barbotte, T., Buhungiro, E., Thomson, P., and Koehler, J. (2019) Performance-based funding for reliable rural water services in Africa. Uptime consortium, Working Paper 1
- De Lopez, T., Elliot, M., Armstrong, A., Lobuglio, J. and Bartram, J. (2011) Technologies for Climate Change Adaptation – The Water Sector. TNA Guidebook Series. Roskilde, Denmark: UNEP Risoe Centre.
- Armstrong, A., Mahan, J. and Zapor, J. (2017) Solar pumping for rural water supply: Life-cycle costs from eight countries. Proceedings of the 40th WEDC International Conference. Loughborough, UK.
- Armstrong, A. (2016) Development-oriented relief and recovery in the WASH sector: a survey of current practice. Proceedings of the 39th WEDC International Conference. Kumasi, Ghana.
- Armstrong, A. and Nakafeero, R. (2016) Utilising solar water pumping for development-oriented relief in refugee settings in Uganda. Proceedings of the 39th WEDC International Conference. Kumasi, Ghana.
- Armstrong, A. (2015) Managing Cash Reserves for Capital Maintenance Expenses. Side Event Synthesis and Presentations. 38th WEDC International Conference. Loughborough, UK. RWSN, Skat and Water Mission.
- Armstrong, A. and Olschewski, A. (2015) Elements of Sustainable Solar Water Pumping System Design. Workshop Synthesis and Presentations. 38th WEDC International Conference. Loughborough, UK. RWSN, Skat and Water Mission.
- Armstrong, A., Melchers, C. and Bazira, M. (2013) Remote monitoring of privately-managed rural water supplies using Grundfos LIFELINK. Proceedings of the IRC Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.