Conservation Biogeography & Macroecology Programme Logo

We work at the interface between the disciplines of conservation, biogeography and macroecology, and in particular within the newly emerging sub-discipline of conservation biogeography. This initiative was newly established in August 2010, building on more than a decade of prior work by members of the School's Biodiversity research group.

Within the University of Oxford, we collaborate with other members of the Biodiversity, Ecosystems and Conservation research cluster in the School of Geography and the Environment, and as a part of the Biodiversity Institute of Oxford (BIO).


Conservation Biogeography

Conservation biogeography is the application of biogeographical principles, theories, and analyses - those concerned with the distributional dynamics of taxa individually and collectively - to problems concerning the conservation of biodiversity. In broad terms conservation biogeography is concerned with pattern and process over large extents of space (and time), and our interests within this field are exemplified by past and present projects and publications including:

Key challenges within the field

The application of Citizen Science

Extinction debt on oceanic islands

  • Triantis, K.A., Borges, P.A.V., Ladle, R.J., Hortal, J., Cardoso, P., Gaspar, C., Dinis, F., Mendonça, E., Silveira, L.M.A., Gabriel, R., Melo, C., Santos, A.M.C., Amorim, I.R., Ribeiro, S., Serrano, A.R.M., Quartau, J.A. and Whittaker, R.J. (in press, 2010) Extinction debt on oceanic islands. Ecography, 33(2): 285-294.

Habitat fragmentation effects within large landmasses

Modelling species and system responses

Species responses to climate change

Amphibian distributions in fragmented landscapes in Mexico


Macroecology is the analysis of emergent outcomes of statistical properties of ecological and/or biogeographical data sets.


Biogeography is the study at all scales of analysis of the distribution of life across space, and how, through time, it has changed. Our focus is principally on ecological biogeography, much of it now as applied to problems within conservation science, but we also maintain other strands of research within biogeography: